Pancha is Sanskrit stands for five & karma are the therapeutic measures. Therefore panchakarma means five types of therapeutic measures as follow.
Panchakarma treatment aims of removal of dosha from the place of their origin so as to break the vicious circle & there by aims of the radical eradication of the diseases process. These are undertaken for the purification of the body & Ayurveda considers it necessary before the start of any other therapy. The panchakarma therapy of Ayurveda is five basic types of advanced treatment for evacuation of vitiated dosha (toxic materials) from the body.
Before the actual operation of purification begins, there is a need to prepare the body in prescribed methods to encourage the releases of toxins. Two procedures are:
Oil massage makes the superficial & deep tissues soft &supple,thus helping to remove stress to nourish the nervous system.
Is sudation or sweating & is given following the snehana. Herbal concoction may be added to the steam to further loosen the toxins from the individual. Swedhana liquefies the toxins & increases the movement of toxins in to the gastrointestinal tract.
When there is congestion in the lungs causing repeated attacks of Bronchitis, Colds, Cough or Asthma. The Ayurvedic treatment is therapeutic vomiting – (Vamana) to eliminate the kapha which is causing the excess mucus.
When excess bile, pitta is secreted & accumulated in the gallbladder, liver, small intestine. It tends to result in rashas, skin inflammation, acne, chronic attack of fever vomiting, nausea& jaundice. Ayurveda literature suggests in those conditions the administration of therapeutic purgation or therapeutic laxative.
The nasal administration of medication is called nasya. An excess of bodily humors accumulated in the sinuses, throat, nose or head areas is eliminated by mean the nearest possible opening the nose
Vatadosha predominant site is the colon. Vasti involves the introduction in to the rectum of herbal concoction of oil & certain herbal preparation in a liquid medium. It relives constipation, distention, chronic fever, sexual disorders, sciatica & the pain in the joints. Many other vata disorders such as rheumatism, arthritis, gout etc. Basti is divided in two main types.
In Ayurveda the blood is said to be carrier of ayu or life, so its condition directly influences the four parts of life. Soul (atma), Mind (manas), Senses (indriyas), Body (sharera). Good blood free from toxins & waste products, sustains life the helps maintain the physiological balance necessary for health. This treatment aims of removing pathological blood.
Panchakarma is recommended for healthy persons & also as preventive treatments to keep physically & mentally fit & energetic.
Dietary management to restore Agni (digestive fire) Benefits of Panchakarma